Baldness is often thought as a sign of old age, unattractiveness, and infertility in men. Although none of these may be true, this can be a cause of low self-esteem and low confidence. Male pattern baldness (MPB) is scintifically called Androgenic Alopecia, and is caused by genes, harmones and age. Hair in the front and top of head are genetically susceptible to harmones and thus may be lost. This is in contrast to the hairs on the side and back of the scalp, which are genetically immune to harmones and are thus destined to grow a lifetime.
The hairs on the sides & the back of head are not affected by MPB. As a result a hair transplant surgeon can remove donor hair follicles from the sides and back and relocate them on the top of the scalp where hair loss has occurred and the newly transplanted hair will grow as it had from the donor region.
Follicular Unit Transplant (Hair Transplant) has emerged as most reliable procedure by which one can grow permanentally growing, naturally looking hair in the bald or thin area. Follicular units are bundels of 1-4 hairs, growing together as a physiological unit. It needs to be both extracted and transplanted as an intact unit. This is a fundamental concept of Follicular Unit Hair Transplantation.
The first step in the hair transplant process is the design of the hairline. The surgeon will sketch a suggestion for placement of the hairline. Patient encouraged to participate in this decision process. Next the donor area is prepared. Hair in the back is lifted and narrow strip of hair is trimmed. The hair from above will cover the area after suturing. Both the top and back of the scalp are then anaesthetized. Patients may be given the option of a sedative while the local anaesthesia is applied. This is the only discomfort patient will feel during the procedure, & lasts only one or two minutes.
A narrow strip is removed from the donor area and the skin from above and below is brought back together with a simple running stitch. The stitches are covered by hair and removed in about ten days, usually leaving a fine scar line that is concealed by patient own hair.
From the donor strip, naturally occurring Follicular Units, usually groups of 1-3 hairs, are separated under a microscope to preserve every follicle.
The surgeon next creates the sites where the grafts will be placed. Tiny incisions are made at the hairline for the smallest 1 to 3 hair grafts. As the surgeon works back he will place gradually larger grafts containing Follicular Unit Groups. During the procedure, patient will be awake and can chat with the doctor and the staff. Procedure time is usually between 3 to 6 hours and patient may eat or drink during the procedure.
When your hair transplant has been completed you will be provided with post-operative instructions, medicines and shampoo. You will leave the office with a little or no bandage and will be able to shampoo your hair the next day.
Most patients resume normal activity in a day or two. Tiny crusts will form where the transplants have been placed and usually shed in 4 to 7 days. The small hairs in the newly transplanted grafts normally shed within 2 to 4 weeks after the procedure, and permanent hair growth begins in 8 to 12 weeks. You should expect significant cosmetic hair growth within 6 months and full hair growth within 9 to 12 months.
Only one or two procedures are usually enough to treat a specific area of hair loss. Potential future hair loss is taken into account when any hairline work is performed. The initial consultation between the patient and surgeon helps to individualize the procedure to the patient's hair quality and density, as well as their expectations
On promotional basis hair transplant is being done at concessional rate at Dr Kalia,s Cosmetic Surgery Clinic, Sec 34 A, Chandigarh, India
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