HIV (or Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a type of STD (or Se xually Transmitted Disease). All HIV infected persons can pass the disease to other persons through various means but primarily by having unprotected se x. If you had an STD testing or an HIV testing done and you got positive results, it doesn’t indicate that you are very sick. AIDS is HIV infection in its most advanced stage. A negative result, on the other hand, indicates that you are not infected, as there were no antibodies detected.
When the infection is just recent, the HIV testing will not have positive results. Usually, the blood test gives positive results within 3 months in almost all cases or longer in a few cases. The shortest period for the infection to show is within one month. So, if your infection happened recently, you might have a wrong STD testing result. This is called false result: when someone who is infected gets a negative result and someone who is not infected gets a positive result. When the test result is indeterminate, unclear, whether it is negative or positive, you will need a second testing for HIV/STD, to confirm whether you are or not infected.
Having STD testing or HIV testing done early, provides great benefits to a person. If you are tested positive to HIV/STD, you can benefit from medications that can prevent or delay other serious infections such as AIDS. These results can also help you determine your choice about pregnancy or contraception. You will have the opportunity to undergo a complete medical check, especially of your immune system. This will enable your health care providers to determine the best care to be given to you. Once you’ve known your test results, you can make plans on how to protect yourself and your partner as well. Another important benefit is the peace of mind to women who intend to get pregnant, with new partners before starting their se xual relationship or to someone who just want to make sure that he or she is not infected.
STD or HIV testing also has some risks. If an individual has indeterminate or positive test results, he or she may become stressed and depressed. Those who got negative STD testing results may continue doing unprotected se x, which may make them more prone to this disease. Many people are worried that their test results will become known to other people and this may defame their goodwill.
Where your privacy is concerned, doctors keep a record of the medical service that they provide you, but this record cannot be disclosed by them to other people unless the law authorizes it. Or, you can give a written consent to your doctor to do so. In many states of the US, the names of HIV-infected persons are submitted to only the local health departments, but the names are coded and the record is destroyed after 3 months. There should be no list, such as this, to be maintained for longer than 90 days or the violators will be penalized severely.
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